Caste and the conundrum of religion and development in India
David Mosse, 2014.
This paper suggests that the imposition of categorical distinctions (religion vs economy) and disembedding universal from particularistic relations that was born of missionary engagement with caste and untouchability in south India, continues in other realms including both state-led development and international human rights activism in ways that constrain attention to the specific structural disadvantage of Dalits and interrupt their claims.
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Subaltern Studies, Marxian Anthropology, and the Thervoy land struggle

Luisa Steur, 2014.

Sharpens the theoretical debate on land conflicts in contemporary India to analyze the case of the Thervoy struggle concerning the setting up of an industrial park to host the multinational Michelin on the common land of this predominantly Dalit village on the periphery of Chennai.


Assertion for resources and dignity: Dalit civil society activism in Tamil Nadu
Sundara Babu Nagappan, 2012.
Compares two case studies of Dalit mobilisation in Tamil Nadu. The Dalit Mannurimai Kootamaippu (DMK) or Dalit Land Rights Federation (DLRF) in Villarupam district focuses on land struggles. The Arunthathiyar Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (AMMK) or Arunthathiyar Peoples’ Progressive Forum in Tiruppur district has also been active on land issues, while also challenging atrocities and the practice of ‘manual scavenging’.
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Caste and Christianity
David Mosse, 2012.
Challenges the idea that the construction of a Christian self has been able to replace the caste self, through a historical exploration of the interaction between Christianity and caste in South India in particular.
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Caste and religion in the age of the nation-state: certain polemical blinders and Dalit situations
Rajan Kurai Krishnan, 2012.
Explores the limits of several populist concepts of caste.
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Construction of Dalit consciousness: Irunjirai case study
Selvaraj Arulnathan, 2012.
Considers the idea of consciousness as an arena for social protest and the need to develop an assertive Dalit consciousness. Uses a case study of Irunjirai village, Virudnagar district, Tamil Nadu to expore this.
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Dalit civil society activism
Luisa Steur, 2012.
Discusses disconnection between international and grassroots Dalit activism, arguing that this is not so much a ‘local – global’ issue as a process of Dalit struggles becoming ‘dis-embedded’ from the systemic, structural processes of oppression of caste and capital.
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Emergence of the DSS in Karnataka: contesting society, state and bureaucracy from below
Dominic Davidappa & Shivanna, 2012.
Reviews the development, actions and impact of a Dalit movement in Karnataka, the Dalit Sangarsha Samithi (DSS) from its founding in the 1970s to the current day. As a case study, looks particularly at the DSS in Valagalaburre village in Kolar district and includes as an appendix a listing of all the issues taken up by the DSS from 1974 to 2010.
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‘Special Component Plan for Dalits’ in Tamilnadu: a new Dalit discourse in the making?
Manu Alphonse SJ, 2012.
The Special Component Plan has become a focal point of Dalit discourses and struggles. Explores some of the most significant discourses, including the assertive rights-based discourse of ‘where is my money’, ‘subjects v beneficiaries’, ‘social economic democracy v civil political’, ‘proactive state in the age of globalisation and ‘social equity budgeting’. Considers if these offer scope for renewal of the long term Dalit struggle to find effective methods of empowerment.
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Towards a framework for interstate analysis of policies for the Scheduled Castes in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu: legal conditions and development policies
Dag Erik Berg, 2012.
Maps and compares the official framework, policies and schemes for Scheduled Castes in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, considering them also in comparison to the central, federal level policies.
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Uncertain Networks: NGOs, Dalit rights and the development agenda in South India
David Mosse, 2012.
Examines how NGOs in South India came to adopt a Dalit rights approach, exploring some of the uncertainties around this related to social retaliation, political risk and financial insecurity. Also looks at the significance of the NGO form itself as a vehicle for Dalit social goals and the tension between the mobilising narrative of the network and the actual practices of organisational processes.
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Use of a discourse of empowerment in developing Dalit agency: A study of the All India Catholic University Federation (AICUF) and Dalit development in Tamil Nadu
C. Joe Arun, 2012.
Reviews the history of the All India Catholic University Federation (AICUF), tracing how it developed its discourse of empowerment and came to focus on Dalit issues. Considers the impact AICUF had on the Dalit youth who were members of AICUF and how those people put the principles they learned through AICUF into practice in Dalit activism in their later lives.
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Please note: Articles listed here are based on research undertaken in the context of the “Caste Out of Development” research project but express author’s own views, not representative of those of the research team as a whole or of the ESRC.


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